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But how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative manner I love to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. Whatever you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your computer. The more powerful your computer is, the more supposes you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the ideal suspect, your mining program determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents your moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit much like a Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to achieve but quite easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you chose to include in the block.
4. The system generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the simple fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. So the name is a bit misleading, since the main goal of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for every block, a different miner will guess the number and also be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the more mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining math issue. Therefore that the difficulty of the mining method is really self-adjusting to the accumulated mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get more difficult to solve the problem; when many of them fall off, it will get easier. This is known as mining issue.
He wanted to make a steady stream go to my site of new bitcoins into the system. In a sense, this has been done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted every ten minutes (i.e., the number will be guessed every ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has made a type of arms race to acquire the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.